Document Type : Original Independent Original Article


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Education, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Jurisprudence and Law, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran


With the outbreak of coronary heart disease and then its epidemic crisis, news about this viral disease became the headlines of the world media and became an important topic of the day. Until the 21st century, when a wave of diseases with similar characteristics, such as "SARS", "swine flu" and "Morse" spread to parts of the world, there was no understanding of such issues. International law, as the governing law of the international community, has the task of establishing rules for the regulation of cross-border relations between political units, but the old definitions of this branch of law had lost their comprehensiveness due to the expansion of the scope of subjects and their subjects. In the new works of international law, criteria have been proposed for the appointment of new obligors, but so far no criteria have been stated for its emerging subjects; This is the subject of our discussion in this study because it seems that the corona virus reaching the pandemic stage has made this possible. Basically, this incident showed us that we need to set rules beyond the sovereignty of countries that in cases like this, are considered mandatory not only for countries, but for all actors on the international stage; As we have seen in the treatment of issues such as "human rights" and "environmental rights".