Document Type : Original Independent Original Article


1 PhD student in Political Science, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD Student in International Relations, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran


Bahrain is one of the small but important countries in the Persian Gulf region, which is ruled by 30% of the Sunni population, despite the fact that 70% of its population is Shiite, and has been ruled by the Al Khalifa regime for many years. The foreign policy of this country and the structures that shape it is a subject that has not been studied in detail in various research works, so in this article we intend to analyze the structures that shape the foreign policy of this country in detail. In this study, we seek to answer the question: what are the most important structures that shape the interactive-confrontational foreign policy of Bahrain and what is the governing model of the foreign policy of this country? The hypothesis raised in response to this question is that the demographic-cultural, economic, military-security and political structures specific to Bahrain have caused conflicts and interactions in the field of foreign relations of this country and have caused the foreign policy of this country. The country is formed in the transition from interaction to confrontation. The method used in this research is an explanatory method and in order to collect data, the most important documents in libraries, think tanks and also a qualitative survey method have been used.