نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی مستقل

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مطالعات منطقه ای دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری روابط بین الملل دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

DOR:20.1001.1.25884565.1399.4.12.7.7
در میان محققان شرق آسیا، نقش تدارکات دریایی نظامی ایالات متحده (OSP) و مجتمع نظامی-صنعتی (MIC) در توضیحات مربوط به تغییر سریع صنعتی مورد بی توجهی قرار گرفته است. با این حال، پایه های صنعتی شدن در مکان هایی مانند کره جنوبی، با توجه به آنالیزها در شرایط قوی "ملی-منطقه ای" و دولت مرکزی، به اصطلاح " وبر-جدید" به حساب می آیند و هنوز ناکافی هستند .ما استدلال می کنیم که یک رویکرد اقتصاد ژئوپلیتیک با تمرکز بر نقش OSP و روابط در  MIC ایالات متحده موجب می شود که ابعاد اجتماعی و فکری موفقیت صنعتی کشور کره در دوران جنگ ویتنام روشن شود، ابعادی که به طور عمده در گزارش های وبر-جدید وجود نداشت. ما به طور خاص به بررسی مشارکت رژیم پارک چانگ هی در جنگ ویتنام و توسعه همراه با چائبول صنعتی کره ای مانند هیوندای می پردازیم و استدلال می کنیم که موفقیت های کشور در حال توسعه کره جنوبی و چائبول با عضویت آنها در MIC ایالات متحده از طریق OSPامکان پذیر شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Chaibol and the US Military-Industrial Complex: South Korea's Cold War Geopolitical Economy and Industrialization

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sahel Abdollahii Manesh 1
  • Ramin Bakhshi 2

1 M.Sc. Student of Regional Studies, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.

2 PhD student in International Relations, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده [English]

     Among researchers in East Asia, the role of the United States Navy (OSP) and the Military-Industrial Complex (MIC) in ignoring the rapid industrial change has been overlooked. However, the foundations of industrialization in places like South Korea, given the strong analytical conditions of the "national-regional" and the central government, are so-called "new Weber-new" and are still insufficient. A geopolitical economic approach focusing on the role of OSP and relations in the US MIC will shed light on the social and intellectual dimensions of Korea's industrial success during the Vietnam War, which were largely absent from the new Weber-New reports. . In particular, we look at the involvement of the Chang Hei Park regime in the Vietnam War and development with Korean industrial Chaibol, such as Hyundai, and argue that the success of the developing country of South Korea and Chaibol by joining the US MIC through OSP became possible.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Chaibol
  • Vietnam War
  • Developing Country
  • South Korea
  • Maritime Procurement
Amsden A H (1989). Asia’s Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization (Oxford University Press, New York)
Baldwin F (1975). “America’s rented troops: South Koreans in Vietnam” Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars 7(4) 33–40.
Bello W, Docena H, Guzman M, Malign M (2004). The Anti-developmental State: The Political Economy of Permanent Crisis in the Philippines (Focus on the Global South, Manila).
Bernard M, Ravenhill J (1995). “Beyond product cycles and flying geese: regionalization, hierarchy, and the industrialization of East Asia” World Politics 47(2) 171–209.
Block F (2008). “Swimming against the current: the rise of a hidden developmental state in the United States Politics and Society 36 169–206
Bon R, Pietroforte R (1990). “Historical comparison of construction sectors in the United States, Japan, Italy, and Finland using input–output tables” Construction Management and Economics 8 233–247
Carter J M (2008). Inventing Vietnam: The United States and State-building, 1954–1968 (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge)
Chang H-J (2003). Globalisation, Economic Development, and the Role of the State (Third World Network, Penang and Zed Books, London)
Chang H-J (2008). Bad Samaritans: The Myth of Free Trade and the Secret History of Capitalism (Bloomsbury Press, New York)
Chatterjee P (2009). Halliburton’s Army: How a Well-connected Texas Oil Company Revolutionized the Way America Makes War (Nation Books, New York)
Chibber V (2003). Locked in Place: State-building and Late Industrialization in India (Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ)
Cumings B (1984). “The origins and development of the Northeast Asian political economy: industrial sectors, product cycles, and political consequences” International Organization 38(1) 1–40
Cumings B (2005). Korea’s Place in the Sun: A Modern History (Norton, New York)
Cumings B (2010). Dominion from Sea to Sea: Pacific Ascendancy and American Power (Yale University Press, New Haven, CT)
Doner R (2009). Politics of Uneven Development: Thailand’s Economic Growth in Comparative Perspective (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge)
Dower J (1999). Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II (New Press, New York)
Evans P (1995). Embedded Autonomy: States and Industrial Transformation (Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ)
Field B, Ofori G (1988). “Construction and economic development: a case study” Third World Planning Review 10(1) 41–50
Gardner L (1995). Pay any Price: Lyndon Johnson and the Wars for Vietnam (Ivan Dee, Chicago, IL)
Glassman J (2004). Thailand at the Margins: Internationalization of the State and the Transformation of Labour (Oxford University Press, Oxford)
Haggard S (1990). Pathways from the Periphery: The Politics of Growth in the Newly Industrializing Countries (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY)
Hart-Landsberg M (1993). The Rush to Development: Economic Change and Political Struggle in South Korea (Monthly Review Press, New York)
Hart-Lansdsberg M, Burkett P (1998). “Contradictions of capitalist industrialization in East Asia: a critique of ‘flying geese’ theories of development” Economic Geography 74(2) 87–110.
Hatcher P L (1990). The Suicide of an Elite: American Internationalists and Vietnam (Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA).
Havens T R H (1987). Fire Across the Sea: The Vietnam War and Japan, 1965–1975 (Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ).
Hewison K (1989). Bankers and Bureaucrats: Capital and the Role of the State in Thailand (Yale University Southeast Asia Studies, New Haven, CT).
Hyundai (1982). 35th Anniversary History of Hyundai Corporation Volume II Hyundai Construction Company, Seoul.
Hyundai (1997). 50th Anniversary History of Hyundai Corporation Volume I Hyundai Construction Company, Seoul.
Johnson C (1982). MITI and the Japanese Miracle: The Growth of Industrial Policy, 1925–1975 (Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA).
Jones L P, Sakong I (1980). Government, Business, and Entrepreneurship in Economic Development: The Korean Case (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA) The chaebol and the US military–industrial complex 1179.
Kahin G (1987). 1987 Intervention: How America Became Involved in Vietnam (Anchor Press/Doubleday, Garden City, New York).
Kim E-M (1997). Big Business, Strong State: Collusion and Conflict in South Korean Development, 1960–1990 (State University of New York Press, Albany, NY).
Kim H-D (1990). Korea and the United States: The Evolving Transpacific Alliance in the 1960s (Research Center for Peace and Unification in Korea, Seoul).
Kim I-Y (1996). The Political Economy of a Chaebol’s Capital Accumulation in South Korea: The Case of Samsung, 1938–1987 PhD thesis, Department of Political Science, University of Hawai’i.
Kim S-J (1970). “South Korea’s involvement in Vietnam and its economic and political impact” Asian Survey 10 519–532.
Kim S, Park S-H (2007). “A critical reappraisal of the Park Chung Hee system”, in Marxist Perspectives on South Korea in the Global Economy Eds M Hart-Landsberg, S Jeong, R Westra (Ashgate, Aldershot, Hants) pp 183–200.
Koo H (2001). Korean Workers: The Culture and Politics of Class Formation (Cornell UniversityPress, Ithaca, NY) Korea Daily Joong Ang Broadcasting Corporation, 2008, “The glory and disgrace of Hyundai construction company for 60 years”, 8 July, http://www.koreadaily.com.
Lahlum A H (1967). “Diary of a Contract, NBy 44105, Jan. 1962–Jun. 1967”, unpublished manuscript, URS Corporation Library, Boise, ID.
Lee M-B (2011). The Uncharted Path: The Autobiography of Lee Myung-Bak (Sourcebooks, Naperville, IL).
Nakamura T (1995). The Postwar Japanese Economy: Its Development and Structure, 1937–1994 (University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo).
Naya S (1971). “The Vietnam War and some aspects of its economic impacts on Asian countries” The Developing Economies 9(1) 31–57.
Ogle G (1990). South Korea: Dissent within the Economic Miracle (Zed Books, London).
Park S-H (1989). “Linkages between industry and services and their implications for urban employment generation in developing countries” Journal of Development Economics 30 359–379.
Park B-G (2011). “Territorial politics and the rise of a construction-oriented state in South Korea” Korean Social Sciences Review 1(1) 185–220.
Polenske K R, Sivitanides P (1990). “Linkages in the construction sector” Annals of Regional Science 24 147–161.
Ruttan V (2006). Is War Necessary for Economic Growth? Military Procurement and Technology Development (Oxford University Press, New York)
Schaller M (1985). The American Occupation of Japan: The Origins of the Cold War in Asia (Oxford University Press, New York).
Stubbs R (2005). Rethinking Asia’s Economic Miracle: The Political Economy of War, Prosperity, and Crisis (Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, Hants) Subcommittee on United States Security Agreements and Commitments Abroad of the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, 1970 United States Security Agreements and Commitments Abroad: Republic of Korea (US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).
van der Pijl K (1984). The Making of an Atlantic Ruling Class (Verso, London).
Wade R (1990). Governing the Market: Economic Theory and the Role of Government in East Asian Industrialization (Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ).
Woo J-E (1991). Race to the Swift: State and Finance in Korean Industrialization (Columbia University Press, New York).
Woo-Cumings M (1999). “Introduction: Chalmers Johnson and the politics of nationalism and development”, in The Developmental State Ed. M Woo-Cumings (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY) pp 1–31.
Yi K J (2000). “The U.S.–Korean alliance in the Vietnam War: the years of escalation, 1964–1968”, in International Perspectives on Vietnam Eds L C Gardner, T Gittinger (Texas A & M University Press, College Station, TX) pp 154–173.